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Benign and Malignant Tumors

Both benign and malignant tumors are severe foot conditions that require the best possible medical care. The majority of foot and ankle tumors are benign, so they can be removed or eliminated with treatment. When the cells are malignant, however, they can invade surrounding tissue and spread rapidly. The symptoms of malignant tumors can mimic other health-related conditions, making their diagnosis tricky. That’s why you need to rely on the knowledge and experience of the foot care specialists at Clifton, New Jersey podiatry practice.

Tumors are not something you usually associate with the feet. But benign and malignant tumors do grow on feet and ankles. Benign tumors don’t infect neighboring tissue, but malignant ones attack healthy tissue in other areas, eventually spreading throughout your body. Fortunately, the majority of foot tumors, when they do appear, are benign, while the malignant ones are quite rare.

Malignant foot tumors pose a serious health risk that leads to severe consequences. It just isn’t worth the risk to brush off a small lump or soft bulge on your foot that isn’t causing you any pain. A lump anywhere in your foot should be taken as seriously as a lump in your breast or anywhere else in your body.

A foot tumor expert — such as Dr. Velimir Petkov of Premier Podiatry in Passaic County, New Jersey — moves quickly to diagnose the lump to determine whether you have cancer or need additional treatments. Dr. Petkov has the knowledge and experience to be able to identify benign and malignant tumors. And he has access to the latest diagnostic equipment at his practice.

Causes and Symptoms of Benign and Malignant Tumors

Although modern medicine has made significant progress in the understanding of tumors, it’s still challenging to trace their exact cause. Several variables often seem to play a role. Some of the most likely culprits include:

  • Diet. Poor nutrition can lead to multiple health problems, including tumors.
  • Stress. Excessive demands on your body and mind lead to poor health outcomes.
  • Infection. An untreated infection can cause a tumor to grow.
  • Genetics. Certain types of tumors may be more prevalent within your family.
  • Environment. Exposure to certain environmental toxins or radiation can lead to both benign and malignant tumors.
  • Trauma. Foot injuries can eventually lead to tumors. A previous injury to your foot precedes 20 percent of the cases of malignant foot tumors.

The symptoms of both benign and malignant tumors can be deceptive. Some people believe their shoes are causing them pain when a tumor is actually at fault. Experienced foot doctor NJ Dr. Petkov can diagnose children because he’s a children’s podiatrist. If your child has a limp, visit podiatrists in Clifton, New Jersey at Premier Podiatry because they may be having trouble walking correctly due to a foot tumor.

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Benign and Malignant Tumor Diagnosis

Malignant tumors like Ewing’s sarcoma can be mistaken for a simple infection. This misdiagnosis happens more frequently when the lump appears in conjunction with a fever and inflamed blood test samples. Without the examination of a highly trained specialist like Dr. Petkov, foot and ankle tumors can go undetected and untreated for years until the cancer spreads and causes other symptoms like severe ankle pain or weakened and broken bones.

Synovial cysts — often referred to as ganglion cysts — are the most common form of benign foot tumors. They represent about 30 percent of the total number of reported cases. Unlike a tumor, a cyst is a fluid-filled sac that can appear anywhere on the body. The synovial cysts and benign tumors in fat tissue tend to appear on the top of your foot.

Tenosynovial cysts, which are giant cell tumors, and epidermal inclusion cysts appear on the soles of your feet. Misdiagnosis results in improper treatment, which negatively impacts the prognosis for your recovery. That’s why you must seek the best possible care for any suspected foot tumor. In northern New Jersey, visit Premier Podiatry.

Distinguishing Benign from Malignant Tumors

When your NJ podiatrist finds a tumor on your foot or ankle, he performs a pathology examination to discover whether it’s benign or malignant. A core biopsy is the first step. He takes a tissue sample from the tumor and sends it to a pathology laboratory for testing.

At the lab, a pathologist performs a microscopic evaluation of your tissue sample to determine the nature of the cells. After your podiatrist receives the lab report, he suggests some treatment options. If you have cancer, you may be referred to an oncologist.

Treatment for Benign and Malignant Tumors

Benign foot tumors occur more often in the soft tissue than on the bone of your foot. Depending on the location and severity of the tumor, your podiatrist may elect to treat them with minimally invasive surgery. Surgical removal of benign tumors may be necessary to relieve foot pain and improve your ability to walk. Removal also reduces the stress on the surrounding tissue, nerves and bones.

Malignant foot tumors must be treated aggressively to prevent them from spreading and potentially invading the rest of your body. Radiography achieves positive results when treating Ewing’s sarcoma, as well as soft tissue tumors. Surgery is still the preferred method for treating both sarcomata and for other types of soft tissue tumors.

Due to the difficulty of foot and ankle tumor diagnosis, you must seek the help of a highly trained foot specialist. Dr. Petkov knows what to look for when examining your feet. A proper diagnosis leads to quick and effective treatment. Contact Premier Podiatry today to set up an appointment.

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